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North Dakota

  •   State: 
    North Dakota
    45° 56′ N to 49° 00′ N | 96° 33′ W to 104° 03′ W
      Area total: 
    70,705 sq mi (183,123 km²) [45,247,665.920 acres]
      Area land: 
    68,994 sq mi (178,694 km²) [44,159,594.880 acres]
      Area water: 
    1,710 sq mi (4,429 km²)  2.4% [1,088,071.040 acres]
    3,606 ft (1,069 m) White Butte
    November 2, 1889 (39nd State in the Union)
      Capital seat: 


  • North Dakota, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    10.73/sq mi (4.13/km²) - residents per square mile of area.
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 
    $73,267 (2022) nominal GDP at current prices 2022 (millions of U.S. dollars). This is equivalent to 0.28% of the U.S. national real gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022, or 0.26% from 2021.  15.6% change in GDP from 2022 to 2021 =  9,707. Real GDP growth rate (2021–2022) =  2.1%. Nominal GDP per capita 2022 = $94,021 respectively per capita 2023 = $94,815.
      Housing units: 
    377,771 units, July 1, 2022 estimate = a 1.9% increase compared to 2020, specifically 7,129 more housing units.

North Dakota is a U.S. state in the midwestern and northern regions of the United States. It is the nineteenth largest in area, the fourth smallest by population, and the fourth most sparsely populated of the 50 states. North Dakota was admitted to the Union on November 3, 1889, along with its neighboring state, South Dakota. Its capital is Bismarck, and its largest city is Fargo. In the 21st century, North Dakota's natural resources have played a major role in its economic performance, particularly with the oil extraction from the Bakken formation, which lies beneath the northwestern part of the state. Such development has led to population growth and reduced unemployment. North Dakota is a Midwestern state of the United States. It borders Canada and lies at the center of the North American continent. The geographic center of North America is near the town of Rugby. Bismarck is the capital of North Dakota, and Fargo is the largest city.

As shown in the North Dakota location map that North Dakota is located in the northern side of the United States. North Dakota map also illustrates that it shares its border with the Minnesota in the east, South Dakota in the south, and Montana in the west. Besides, in the north of state, it also shares international boundary with Canada.

The capital city of state is Bismarck; however, the largest city is Fargo. Other important cities are Grand Forks, Minot, West Fargo, Mandan, Dickinson, Jamestown, and Williston. The climate type of North Dakota is Continental. Economy of North Dakota is largely depends upon agriculture; however, the other important industries are petroleum and food processing. Surprisingly, North Dakota is the only state of the United States that lawfully demands its pharmacies to have more than 50% shares owned by pharmacists.

The 930 ha International Peace Garden on the border between the USA and Canada symbolises the peaceful relationship between the two neighbours. In spring and summer, thousands of colorful flowers bloom between the rolling, wooded hills with two lakes and a network of cycling and hiking trails.

Visit 'Prairie Dog Town'! Theodore Roosevelt National Park is home to several of these 'towns,' actually. There's one near the entrance of the park at Skyline Vista. You'll know you've found it when you hear the little guys (and gals) barking at each other!

The US State North Dakota occupies 178,712 m², about 1,95 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State North Dakota with 755,393 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 17,63 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 102,676 fewer people. The capital Bismarck alone has 72,865 inhabitants.

Bismarck became the capital of the Dakota Territory in 1883 and stayed its capital when it became a state in 1889. Fargo has approximately 120,762 residents.

Soil is North Dakota's most precious resource. It is the base of the state's great agricultural wealth. But North Dakota also has enormous mineral resources. These mineral resources include billions of tons of lignite coal. In addition, North Dakota has large oil reserves. Petroleum was discovered in the state in 1951 and quickly became one of North Dakota's most valuable mineral resources. In the early 2000's, the emergence of hydraulic fracturing technologies enabled mining companies to extract huge amounts of oil from the Bakken shale rock formation in the western part of the state. North Dakota's economy is based more heavily on farming than are the economies of most other states. Many North Dakota factories process farm products or manufacture farm equipment. Many of the state’s merchants also rely on agriculture. North Dakota has a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. The temperature differences are significant because of its far inland position and being in the center of the Northern Hemisphere, with roughly equal distances to the North Pole and the Equator. As such, summers are almost subtropical, but winters are cold enough to ensure plant hardiness is very low.

North Dakota is known under different nicknames; aka Flickertail State, or Peace Garden State (used on license plates), or Rough Rider State, or Sioux State, or Heaven on Earth and detailed official information about North Dakota can be found on the homepage at

Poverty and median household income estimates for 2021 in North Dakota, ND about 82,270 individuals poverty estimate - all ages, it's 10.9% estimated percent of the total resident population of all ages in poverty: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program Release date: December 2022. SNAP is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, and was formerly known as the Food Stamp Program. Estimated SNAP benefits recipients in North Dakota are about 49,374 individuals, for July of the reference year 2020. With a estimate of median household income = $67,603 by each individual family, with a 90% confidence interval lower bound of estimate of median household income = $65,854, with a 90% confidence interval upper bound of estimate of median household income = $69,352 in 2021.

The Air Quality index is in North Dakota = 95.6. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 53. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 96. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in North Dakota = 3.1 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.

The annual rainfall in North Dakota = 18 inches and the annual snowfall = 34.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 77. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 201. 82.4 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and -3.8 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 52, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

The most recent state population of 779,261 individuals with a median age of 36.9 age the population dropped by -0.17% in North Dakota population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 10.73/sq mi (4.13/km²) - residents per square mile of area.. There are average 2.41 people per household in the 264,968 households with an average household income of $61,843 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 3.20% of the available work force and has dropped -2.84% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 31.12%. The number of physicians in North Dakota per 100,000 population = 205.1.

The percentage of housing units in North Dakota which are owned by the occupant = 57.24%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 35 years with median home cost = $97,910 and home appreciation of 1.02%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $16.76 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

The local school district spends $5,814 per student. There are 10.1 students for each teacher in the school, 258 students for each Librarian and 381 students for each Counselor. 9.57% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 17.15% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 5.70% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • North Dakota's population of 2,405 residents in 1870 has increased 2,44-fold to 779,094 residents after 150 years, according to the official 2020 census. U.S. Bureau of the Census beginning in 1900. Data for 1870-1890 are on a de facto or unspecified basis; data for 1900 and later years are resident totals.

    Approximately 49.77% female residents and 50.23% male residents live in North Dakota, USA.

    As of 2020, 57.78% in North Dakota are married and the remaining 42.22% are single population.

  • 17.4 minutes is the average time that residents in North Dakota require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    77.74% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 9.86% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.39% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 5.76% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in North Dakota, 57.24% are owner-occupied homes, another 13.83% are rented apartments, and the remaining 28.93% are vacant.

  • 70.84% of the population in North Dakota who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

    Since the 1860s, the two main parties have been the Republican Party (here in 2022 = 53.070%) and the Democratic Party (here in 2022 = 44.470%) of those eligible to vote in North Dakota.

Skyline of North Dakota

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