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  •   State: 
    36° 32′ N to 39° 28′ N | 75° 15′ W to 83° 41′ W
      Area total: 
    42,774.2 sq mi (110,785.67 km²) [25,958,122.240 acres]
      Area land: 
    39,608.91 sq mi (102,587.53 km²) [24,207,501.440 acres]
      Area water: 
    7.4% = 3,165.29 sq mi (8,198.14 km²) [1,750,620.800 acres]
    5,729 ft (1,746 m) Mount Rogers
    June 25, 1788 (10nd State in the Union)
      Capital seat: 


  • Virginia, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    219.3/sq mi (84.7/km²) - residents per square mile of area.
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 
    $649,393 (2022) nominal GDP at current prices 2022 (millions of U.S. dollars). This is equivalent to 2.59% of the U.S. national real gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022, or 2.65% from 2021.  7.7% change in GDP from 2022 to 2021 =  44,435. Real GDP growth rate (2021–2022) =  4.0%. Nominal GDP per capita 2022 = $74,789 respectively per capita 2023 = $77,875.
      Housing units: 
    3,685,322 units, July 1, 2022 estimate = a 1.9% increase compared to 2020, specifically 67,077 more housing units.

Virginia, officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains. Virginia is nicknamed the "Old Dominion" due to its status as the first English colonial possession established in mainland North America and "Mother of Presidents" because eight U.S. presidents were born there, more than any other state. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond; Virginia Beach is the most populous city, and Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision. The Commonwealth's estimated population as of 2018 is over 8.5 million. Virginia has a total area of 42,774.2 square miles (110,784.7 km²), including 3,180.13 square miles (8,236.5 km²) of water, making it the 35th-largest state by area. Virginia is bordered by Maryland and Washington, D.C. to the north and east; by the Atlantic Ocean to the east; by North Carolina to the south; by Tennessee to the southwest; by Kentucky to the west; and by West Virginia to the north and west.

As shown in the given Virginia location map that Virginia is located in the eastern part of United States. Virginia map also illustrates that it is the coastal state located on the western Atlantic Ocean. Hence, in the eastern side, it has the coastline along the Atlantic Ocean; however, the state shares its border with North Carolina in the south, Tennessee and Kentucky in the south-west, West Virginia in the west, and Maryland in the north.

Interestingly, the nickname of Virginia is “Old Dominion” and sometimes it is also known by the name “Mother of Presidents” because surprisingly, Virginia is the birth place of 8 US Presidents. The capital city of state is Richmond; however, Virginia Beach is the most populous city and Fairfax County is the most populous political sub-division of the state. Moreover, the Virginia General Assembly is the oldest legislature in the United States.

Due to its geographical location, the climate type of Virginia varies from warm to humid; the warm current Gulf Stream modifies the local weather system of Virginia.

Families are transported to another time at Colonial Williamsburg, a living history museum in Williamsburg, Virginia. Visit an authentic colonial courthouse, foundry, book binder, garden and more, where reenactors tell their stories while they work. Kids can even get involved in the activities! Don't miss the fife and drum parades.

The US State Virginia occupies 102,283 m², about 1,12 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State Virginia with 8,470,020 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 19,66 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 3,123,202 fewer people. The capital Richmond alone has 233,796 inhabitants.

Richmond replaced Williamsburg as the state capital in 1779. In Richmond it is illegal to flip a coin in a restaurant to see who will pay for coffee. Virginia Beach has 452,602 residents.

Virginia's boundary with Maryland and Washington, D.C. extends to the low-water mark of the south shore of the Potomac River. The Chesapeake Bay separates the contiguous portion of the Commonwealth from the two-county peninsula of Virginia's Eastern Shore. The bay was formed from the drowned river valleys of the Susquehanna River and the James River. Many of Virginia's rivers flow into the Chesapeake Bay, including the Potomac, Rappahannock, York, and James, which create three peninsulas in the bay. The climate of Virginia is humid subtropical and becomes increasingly warmer and more humid farther south and east. Seasonal extremes vary from average lows of 26 °F (−3 °C) in January to average highs of 86 °F (30 °C) in July. The Atlantic Ocean has a strong effect on eastern and southeastern coastal areas of the state. Influenced by the Gulf Stream, coastal weather is subject to hurricanes, most pronouncedly near the mouth of Chesapeake Bay. In spite of its position adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean, even the coastal areas have a significant continental influence with quite large temperature differences between summer and winter, particularly given the state climate's subtropical classification, which is typical of states in the Upper South. Forests cover 65% of the state, primarily with deciduous, broad leaf trees in the western part of the state and evergreens and conifers in the central and eastern parts of Virginia.

Virginia is known under different nicknames; aka Mother of Presidents, or Mother of States, or Horse Country, or The Old Dominion and detailed official information about Virginia can be found on the homepage at

Poverty and median household income estimates for 2021 in Virginia, VA about 862,792 individuals poverty estimate - all ages, it's 10.3% estimated percent of the total resident population of all ages in poverty: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program Release date: December 2022. SNAP is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, and was formerly known as the Food Stamp Program. Estimated SNAP benefits recipients in Virginia are about 762,379 individuals, for July of the reference year 2020. With a estimate of median household income = $80,926 by each individual family, with a 90% confidence interval lower bound of estimate of median household income = $80,203, with a 90% confidence interval upper bound of estimate of median household income = $81,649 in 2021.

The Air Quality index is in Virginia = 54.6. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 77. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 89. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Virginia = 4.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.

The annual rainfall in Virginia = 43 inches and the annual snowfall = 14.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 110. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 205. 86.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 25.6 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 43, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

The most recent state population of 8,683,619 individuals with a median age of 37.2 age the population grows by 10.61% in Virginia population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 219.3/sq mi (84.7/km²) - residents per square mile of area.. There are average 2.46 people per household in the 3,024,189 households with an average household income of $80,615 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.30% of the available work force and has dropped -2.46% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 28.78%. The number of physicians in Virginia per 100,000 population = 214.4.

The percentage of housing units in Virginia which are owned by the occupant = 63.33%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 29 years with median home cost = $231,560 and home appreciation of -6.37%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $9.11 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

The local school district spends $5,589 per student. There are 12.7 students for each teacher in the school, 340 students for each Librarian and 304 students for each Counselor. 5.66% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 18.38% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 11.65% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Virginia's population of 1,225,163 residents in 1870 has increased 4,66-fold to 8,631,393 residents after 150 years, according to the official 2020 census. U.S. Bureau of the Census beginning in 1900. Data for 1870-1890 are on a de facto or unspecified basis; data for 1900 and later years are resident totals.

    Approximately 50.82% female residents and 49.18% male residents live in Virginia, USA.

    As of 2020, 59.60% in Virginia are married and the remaining 40.40% are single population.

  • 29.4 minutes is the average time that residents in Virginia require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    77.48% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 12.57% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 3.44% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.24% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Virginia, 63.33% are owner-occupied homes, another 8.35% are rented apartments, and the remaining 28.32% are vacant.

  • 39.52% of the population in Virginia who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

    Since the 1860s, the two main parties have been the Republican Party (here in 2022 = 46.330%) and the Democratic Party (here in 2022 = 52.630%) of those eligible to vote in Virginia.

Skyline of Virginia

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Landscape of Virginia